How prevalent are lies in today’s society?
A University of Massachusetts study revealed that 60 percent of people self-report they could not carry on a 10-minute conversation without lying at least once. British research found that men lie twice as much as women. (Source: http://www.today.com/health/how-one-lie-can-ruin-your-whole-day-1D80224805#
What are some ways that lying can harm your well-being?
In reality, the more you are prone to lying, the more you have to fabricate details and events to create a cover story. Lies breed more lies. Research indicates the accompanying stress can be harmful and even exhausting. The longer a person attempts to “keep a story straight,” the more stress and strain is felt.
That discomfort can possibly lead to more serious side effects in the future. A Columbia University study shows stressed-out people were 27 percent more likely to have heart attacks compared to those who worried less. Stanford researchers conducted a study to measure the effect of lying on a group of participants. Acknowledging dishonest acts made physical tasks such as working out or helping someone move feel more taxing. In addition, deceptive participants suggested that hills seemed steeper and distances seemed farther.
Deceptive thoughts may activate parts of your brain tied to perception and vision in the same way as when you are physically weighed down. This can lead to physical overexertion, exhaustion and stress. Therefore, the heavier the lie you’re dealing with, the heavier those bench presses may feel. Notre Dame researchers found that subjects that were told to explicitly tell the truth reported lying less frequently and reported having improved relationships, better sleep, and less tension, as well as fewer headaches and sore throats.
How many ways are there to lie?
There are many methods to be deceptive. At the heart of these methods is the intention to be deceptive. Some lie to be protective – lie to guard the liar from a perceived danger. Some, to be heroic – lie to protect others from danger. Others lie in a playful manner – lie to enhance a story. For others, it’s about ego – lie to help the liar prevent embarrassment. As things get darker, some lie for gainful purposes – lie to benefit the liar or to be malicious – lie to hurt others.
Source: Converus FAQ